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The National Medical Commission (NMC) has announced the updated NEET UG syllabus for the 2024 session. If you’re getting ready for NEET UG 2024, you can find the syllabus on their official website, The NMC’s Undergraduate Medical Education Board (UGMEB) has shared this information, advising everyone to use the new syllabus for creating study materials and preparing for the NEET UG exams in the 2024-25 academic session.

The NEET Biology Syllabus for 2024 includes both Zoology and Botany, and it’s quite extensive. Below, you’ll find the list of topics covered in the NEET 2024 Biology syllabus.



Class 11 Syllabus NEET 2024 (Updated)

UNIT I: Diversity in Living World What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomic hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens. • Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids.• Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms(three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category);• Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples)
UNIT II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and racemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus).• Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)
UNIT III: Cell Structure and Function Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; micro bodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure andfunction); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.• Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function ofproteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzymeaction.• B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance. mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids
UNIT IV: Plant Physiology • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.• Respiration: Exchange gasses; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relationsNumber of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.• Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism
UNIT V: Human Physiology • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gasses, transport of gasses and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.• Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory systemHypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.• Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and function; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.• Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, flagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.• Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action.• Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease). (Imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt with briefly.)

Class XII Biology Syllabus 2024

UNIT I: Reproduction • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization eventsDevelopment of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.• Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).• Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness)
UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from MendelismIncomplete dominance, Codominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.• Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as geneticmaterial; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Centraldogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulationLac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting.• Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution;Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution
UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare
• Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.•  Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.• Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
UNIT IV: Biotechnology and Its Applications • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).• Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents
UNIT V: Ecology and Environment • Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.• Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.• Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extin


Class XI  Class XII
UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement UNIT I: Electrostatics
UNIT II: Kinematics UNIT II: Current Electricity
UNIT III: Laws of Motion UNIT III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
UNIT IV: Work, Energy, and Power UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
UNIT V: Rotational Motion UNIT V: Electromagnetic 
UNIT VI: Gravitation UNIT VI: Optics
UNIT VII: Properties of Solids and Liquids UNIT VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics UNIT VIII: Atoms and Nuclei
UNIT IX: Kinetic Theory of Gases UNIT IX: Electronic Devices
UNIT X: Oscillations and Wave Unit X: Experimental Skills


Physical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Organic Chemistry
UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Classification of Elements Purification & Characterization of Organic Compounds
UNIT II: Structure of Atom P block Elements Some basic principle of organic chemistry
: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure d and f block element Hydrocarbons
Thermodynamics Co- ordination Compound Organic Compounds containing halogen
Solution   Organic Compounds containing oxygen
Equilibrium   Organic Compound containing nitrogen
: Redox Reactions and Electro chemistry   Bio molecules
Chemical Kinetics   Principle related to practical Chemistry

NEET 2024 is one of the most critical milestones for aspiring medical professionals in India. This pen-and-paper examination evaluates students in three main subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The syllabus draws from class 11 and 12 textbooks, making it a comprehensive assessment of their knowledge.

NEET Exam conducted in 13 different languages, ensuring that students from diverse linguistic backgrounds can participate.

According to data from the National Medical Commission (NMC) and the Dental Council of India (DCI), a multitude of seats are available in various disciplines. This includes 99,763 seats for MBBS programs, 26,949 for BDS courses, 52,720 for AYUSH programs, 603 for BVSc & AH programs, in addition to 1,899 AIIMS seats and 249 JIPMER seats. These seats are spread across 612 medical and 315 dental colleges.

NEET 2024 highlights

Exam nameNational Eligibility cum Entrance test
Conducting bodyNational Testing Agency
Minimum eligibility10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Minimum age17 years age
NEET Exam dateMay 5, 2024
Number of registered candidates (as per 2023)20,87,462
Number of candidates appeared ( as per 2023)20,38,596


Understanding the NEET 2024 schedule is important for students. It helps you know when to fill out the application form, make corrections if needed, get your admit card, and when the actual exam will be held. Below is a table with the important dates for NTA NEET 2024:

EventsNEET 2024 dates
NEET 2024 exam notificationTo be announced
NEET 2024 registration dateTo be announced
Last date to fill NEET application form 2024To be announced
Last date for application fee paymentTo be announced
NEET 2024 correction window dateTo be announced
Allotted exam city detailsTo be announced
Release of NEET-UG admit cardTo be announced
NEET exam date 2024May 5, 2024
Result declarationTo be announced
Commencement of NEET UG counselingTo be announced

NEET 2024 Eligibility Criteria

Before you fill out the NEET 2024 application form, it’s important to meet certain eligibility criteria. Here’s what you need to know:

  1. Age Requirement: You should be at least 17 years old by December 31, 2024, to take the NEET 2024 exam.
  2. Nationality: You can apply for NEET 2024 if you are an Indian citizen, NRI, OCI, PIO, or a foreign national.
  3. Educational Qualifications: You must have either passed your 10+2 exams or be in the process of appearing for them to be eligible for NEET-UG 2024.
  4. Subjects: You should have studied physics, chemistry, biology, and English during your 10+2 studies from a recognized board.
  5. Minimum Marks: In your qualifying exams, you need to score at least 50% in physics, chemistry, and biology. If you belong to SC, ST, or OBC-NCL categories, the minimum required marks are 40%.

    Meeting these eligibility criteria is the first step to applying for NEET 2024.

NEET 2024 Application Process:

The NEET application process involves five important steps that candidates must follow:

  1. Registration for NEET 2024: Start by registering for NEET 2024.
  2. Filling out the Application Form: Next, complete the application form with your information.
  3. Uploading Images: You’ll need to upload certain images as part of the application.
  4. Application Fee Payment: Pay the required application fee.
  5. Printing Application Forms: Finally, make sure to print out your application forms.

It’s good to gather all the necessary documents and information you’ll need before you begin the application process to make it smoother.

Documents Required:

When filling out the NEET application form, you’ll need certain documents and details:

Identity Proof: You should have a valid identity proof like an Aadhaar card, ration card, bank account passbooks, passport, or any other government-issued photo ID card.

Personal Information: Provide detailed information about yourself and your parents, including names, dates of birth, permanent address, active email address, and mobile number.

Images: Prepare images of a recent passport-sized photograph, a postcard-sized photograph, your signature, and an impression of your left thumb. These will be needed during the application process.

NEET 2024 Admit Card Process:

The NTA (National Testing Agency) will give you an admit card for NEET-UG 2024 if you’ve registered successfully. This admit card is really important for both applicants and the people who handle admissions. To get your NEET exam admit card for 2024, you need to use your registration number, date of birth, and a security pin.

Once you enter this information, you can download your NEET exam admit card for 2024. It will be in PDF format and will show all the details you provided when you filled out the NEET application form for 2024.

NEET 2024 Exam Pattern

Before you go for the NEET 2024 exam, it’s important to know what the exam will be like. You should understand things like how long it is, how many questions there are, their importance, and how they are scored. The table below provides all these details about the NEET 2024 exam pattern.

Mode of ExamOffline
Duration of Exam3 hours and 20 minutes
Total Number of Questions200 questions (candidates attempt 180)
Total Marks720 marks
Sections3 sections – Physics, Chemistry, Biology
PhysicsNumber of Questions: 35 + 15 questions
Sectional Marks: 180 marks
ChemistryNumber of Questions: 35 + 15 questions
Sectional Marks: 180 marks
BiologyNumber of Questions: 100 questions
Sectional Marks: 360 marks
Marking Scheme+4 marks for a correct answer
-1 mark for an incorrect answer
0 marks for an unattempted answer


After the NEET 2024 exam is done, the NTA (National Testing Agency) will provide an official answer key. This answer key helps candidates estimate their possible NEET 2024 score. It’s a useful tool to gauge how well you did in the exam. If you want to challenge any of the answers in the key, there’s a non-refundable processing fee of Rs 200.

The final NEET UG answer key is released a few hours before the results come out. Once it’s out, you can’t challenge it.


The NTA (National Testing Agency) publishes the NEET results on the website, and these results come in the form of scorecards. The NEET 2024 scorecard provides details about candidates, their qualifications, marks, All India Rank (AIR), category, and the 15% All India Quota. It also shows the minimum NEET scores required for qualification, known as cutoff scores, for candidates in the general, SC, ST, and OBC categories. You can find the NEET result information in the table below.


NTA NEET Official Websites–
NEET 2024 Result DownloadUp to 90 days from the date of the NEET result 2024
Result ValidityFor the academic session 2024-25
For candidates pursuing medicine abroad, the NEET result will be valid for three years
Admission through NEET 2024 Result– 15% All India Quota seats
– 85% State Quota seats
– Seats in Deemed Universities
– Seats in Central Universities
– Management/NRI seats
– Central Pool seats
– 15 AIIMS institutes
– 2 JIPMER campuses
Courses Offered through NEET– MBBS, BDS, BUMS, BAMS, BHMS, BSMS, BNYS, B.V.Sc and AH courses


CategoryNEET Cutoff PercentileNEET Cut-off 2024 ScoresNEET Cut-off 2023 Scores
Unreserved50th percentileTo be announced720-137
SC/ST/OBC40th percentileTo be announced136-107
Unreserved-PH45th percentileTo be announced136-121
SC/ST/OBC-PH40th percentileTo be announced120-107

Please note that the specific cutoff scores for NEET 2024 are yet to be announced.


NEET 2024 counseling is managed by the Medical Counseling Committee (MCC) and is based on NEET 2024 scores. It’s important to know that:

  1. Types of Seats: There are different categories of seats in NEET counseling. For 15% of all seats in government colleges and 100% of seats in deemed/central universities, ESIC/AFMS, AIIMS, and JIPMER, MCC conducts the counseling. State authorities handle counseling for the remaining 85% of state quota seats.
  2. Counseling Rounds: The NEET AIQ counseling for 2024 consists of four rounds: Round 1, Round 2, mop-up round, and stray vacancies. Seats are allocated based on the choices you make, your NEET 2024 rank, and the availability of seats and reservations.
  3. Counseling Process: To take part in NEET UG 2024 counseling, you need to register, select your preferred courses, and pay the registration fee.
  4. Eligibility: To participate in NEET 2024 All India Quota counseling, you must qualify in the NEET exam. Any vacant seats in AIQ counseling after the second round will be returned to the respective states.
  5. AIQ Categories: AIQ counseling covers various categories, including MBBS/BDS seats of states, BHU, AIIMS, JIPMER, AMU, DU, VMMC, ABVIMS, Faculty of Dentistry (Jamia Millia Islamia), and ESIC.

This counseling process helps students secure seats in medical and dental colleges across India based on their NEET scores and preferences.


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